Uber sharply pared back the power of its Chief Executive Travis Kalanick Tuesday as the controversial leader of one of the technology industryâs most visible companies stepped down for an indefinite leave of absence after months of growing controversy.
HeÂ disclosed the leave in a company-wide email as the Uber sought to reverse rising scandal — much of it over allegations of sexual harassment and other unprofessional conduct — that had brought the ride-hailing service to crisis while undermining his hold on power at the company.
Kalanick’s return date is not specified, and his responsibilities will undergo “review” to possibly shift some duties to other executives. He also faces the likelihood of reduced clout on the board,Â which is adding new “independent” members and creating an oversight committee to monitor efforts to improve corporate ethics.
“The ultimate responsibility, for where weâve gotten and how weâve gotten here rests on my shoulders,” Kalanick wrote in his e-mail to employees. “There is of course much to be proud of but there is much to improve. For Uber 2.0 to succeed there is nothing more important than dedicating my time to building out the leadership team. But if we are going to work on Uber 2.0, I also need to work on Travis 2.0 to become the leader that this company needs and that you deserve.”
In describing reasons for the leave, Kalanick also cited the death of his mother and serious injuring of his father in a boating accident last month, saying, “I need to take some time off of the day-to-day to grieve my mother, whom I buried on Friday, to reflect, to work on myself, and to focus on building out a world-class leadership team.”
Uber announced the recommendationsÂ Tuesday, prepared fromÂ a report by former U.S. Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr., hired by Uber to address mounting criticism of the company. The full report is being withheld from the public and the bulk of the company’s 14,000 employees worldwide.
The recommendations, which are sweeping and touch virtually every aspect of company management, wereÂ released at an employee meeting at the company’s San Francisco headquarters Tuesday after being accepted by the board at a marathon meeting on Sunday.
Even while the employee meeting was still going on Tuesday, former Uber engineer Susan J. Fowler — whose complaints about the company’s tone deaf response to her allegations of sexual harassment there — blasted the response as inadequate to resolve the many toxic elements of Uber’s corporate culture.
“Ha! Yeah, they’ll never apologize,” Fowler tweeted in reply to another person. “I’ve gotten nothing but aggressive hostility from them. It’s all optics.”
Under the proposals, senior managers will undergo mandatory leadership training, and Uberâs current Head of Diversity will be renamed as the Chief Diversity and Inclusion Officer and report directly to the chief executive or chief operating officer. Uber also will adopt the equivalent of the NFL’s “Rooney Rule” requiring that when the company is filling a key job, at least one women and one minority candidate be interviewed before the hire can go forward.
The report called for employee complaints to be handled using a comprehensive process, and for upgrades to employee benefits including equal family leave time for both male and female workers. ThereÂ also is a newly imposed ban on sexual relationships between employees at different levels of the staff hierarchy.
Reports thatÂ Kalanick was considering a leave had sparked intense speculation over who might lead a company that has been built in the chief executive’s brash image. In his note Kalanick did not name a temporary new chief executive, suggesting instead that he might stay close to operations even while on leave.
“During this interim period, the leadership team, my directs, will be running the company,” Kalanick wrote. “I will be available as needed for the most strategic decisions, but I will be empowering them to be bold and decisive in order to move the company forward swiftly.”
The corporate shakeup at Uber already has prompted several executive departures, including Monday’s announcement that Senior Vice President for Business Emil Michael, a close Kalanick ally and confidante, was leaving amid pressure from the board.
Uber also announced Monday that it was adding a new member, Nestle executiveÂ Wan Ling Martello, to one of several empty seats on the board. She is expected to bring financial expertise while also providing another high-profile woman to a company criticized as exemplifying Silicon Valley’s male-dominated “bro” culture.
As part of the internal investigation led by Holder, Uber already has fired 20 employees while issuing reprimands and requiring new training for others amid 215 reports of possible sexual harassment, bullying, retaliation and other unprofessional conduct. (Some cases remain open pending further investigation by a second law firm, Perkins Coie.)
âThis is a hugely significant event,â said Michael Useem, a management professor in the Wharton School of Business at the University of Pennsylvania.
The list of recommendations reads like a textbook from âLeadership and Management 101″ and, if implemented effectively, could serve as a model for other Silicon Valley companies grappling with diversity and harassment issues, said Useem.
The Uber board has been struggling to right the trajectory of company, worth nearly $70 billion by some estimates, but have had limited ability to remove or even reprimand Kalanick, who along with other allies have outsized voting power because of a special class of shares they control. The controversies have reportedly cut into Uber’s popularity and once-commanding position within the ride-hailing marketplace in 75 markets worldwide.
RivalÂ Lyft now accounts for 25 percent of all trips taken in the U.S. ride-hailing market, up from 18 percent at the beginning of the year, according to data from TXN. In recent months, the company found, even loyal Uber customers that have stayed with the service have also increased their spending on Lyft. In the first quarter of 2017, ridership had surged to 70.4 million rides, significantly exceeding expectations. Uber didnât respond to a request for comment.
The public mood over Uber began to turn when Kalanick joined an advisory board for President Trump and appeared to undermine a New York taxi strike related to the presidentâs controversial effort to impose a travel ban, sparking the #DeleteUber movement.
A scathing blog post in February by Fowler, who reported that an unwanted sexual advance by her boss was ignored by company management, triggered a wave of denunciations of the corporate culture at Uber.
The Justice Department then launched a criminal investigation over allegations that the company used a software tool to evade regulators. At the same time, Uber got in a highly public legal battle with Waymo, the self-driving-car unit of Googleâs parent company, Alphabet, over alleged theft of intellectual property. Uber fired the head of that program, Anthony Levandowski, last month for failing to comply with a court order to turn over documents in the case
Waymo has accused Uber of stealing the laser-sensing technology that allows driverless cars to see their surroundings. The legal fightâs outcome could have serious ramifications for Uberâs long-term business model.
Kalanick has effectively bet the business on self-driving technology. Without it, he has said, Uber cannot hope to compete in a world of growing automation.
A court ruling against Uber could undermineÂ to the companyâs efforts to develop self-driving cars, some analysts said, raising questions about its ability to survive in a world where companiesÂ from Tesla to Ford are vying for dominance over the future of automated transportation.