In tense talks, EU leaders agree plan to confront migrant crisis – Reuters

* After heated argument, EU leaders agree migrant plan

* Voluntary scheme still to be worked out in detail

* EU executive had pushed for binding quotas on governments

By Robin Emmott and Francesco Guarascio

BRUSSELS, June 26 (Reuters) – Fractious European leaders
argued into the early hours on Friday over how to handle over a
migrant crisis in the Mediterranean, agreeing a plan to share
out the care of desperate people fleeing war and poverty in
North Africa and the Middle East.

Determined not to be dragged into negotiations over Greece’s
debt debacle at their summit in Brussels, leaders instead found
themselves sparring for seven hours about whether to take in
40,000 Syrian and Eritrean asylum seekers now in Italy and
Greece and another 20,000 people currently outside the EU.

They eventually agreed a voluntary scheme, sticking to the
60,000 number but granted an exclusion for Hungary, which
earlier described the plan as absurd, as well as for Bulgaria,
one of the EU’s poorest countries.

“It was a very intensive debate,” German Chancellor Angela
Merkel told reporters after the meeting ended, describing the
migrant crisis “as the biggest challenge I have seen in European
affairs in my time as chancellor”.

That is a striking statement considering the euro zone debt
crisis and confrontation with Russia during her decade in power.

Expressing his frustration, Commission President Jean-Claude
Juncker described the plan as one of “modest ambition” and said
at one point in the meeting he had told EU leaders “I don’t give
a damn” about objections to the plan’s underlying methodology.

“We have to find out if the system works. It doesn’t matter
if it is voluntary or mandatory, it is whether it can help
60,000 refugees,” Juncker told a news conference in the early
hours of Friday.

However, the EU’s chief executive had been hoping to set a
precedent for Europe-wide action that limited national opt-outs.


During the summit dinner, Italian Prime Minister Matteo
Renzi rebuked his fellow leaders for their reluctance to support
a plan that was meant as an emergency response to the tragedy of
2,000 migrant deaths in the Mediterranean year but has been
overshadowed by divisions, particularly in eastern Europe.

“If we think Europe is only about budgets, it is not the
Europe we thought of in 1957 in Rome,” Renzi said, referring to
the European Union’s founding treaty.

The summit became so tense that a speech by British Prime
Minister David Cameron served as an interlude to cool tempers,
with the much awaited address to pitch for a new deal for
Britain in the European Union reduced to barely 10 minutes.

The mood was a long way from the unity showed by EU
ministers in April immediately after the deaths of 900 migrants
off the Libyan coast in a single weekend.

While the political deal was a breakthrough, implementing
the plan still faces hurdles. The criteria to share migrants
among member states must be decided by the end of July. Such
factors as the size of a member state’s economy and population
must be considered.

“There’s much, much more argument to come,” said one senior
EU diplomat. “I don’t yet see the full way forward.”

The criteria system replaces unpopular proposals for
mandatory quotas on each country, which Poland, the Czech
Republic, Slovakia, Hungary and others fought against, arguing
their ex-Communist economies still lacked the capacity to cope.

The debate has also strained the EU’s commitment to its
Schengen agreement on passport-free travel.

This week, Austria threatened to reimpose controls on its
border with Hungary and Britain called for more security around
the French port of Calais. Britain and Spain want a bigger focus
on returning migrants to countries of origin.

(Additional reporting by Robert-Jan Bartunek, Andreas Rinke and
Alastair Macdonald; Editing by Alastair Macdonald)


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