BARCELONA â Hundreds of thousands of Spaniards on Sunday came out here to show they were against an independent state in Catalonia and for the central governmentâs takeover of the breakaway republic.
And, many added, they wanted to see the leaders of the attempted secession punished.
It was not so much a protest, as a victory march. They believed they had won. There would be noÂ âRepublic of Catalonia.â
As the streets swelled with an estimated 300,000 or more demonstrators, waving Spanish flags, there were chants urging authorities to arrest Catalan regional president Carles Puigdemont and his top lieutenants.
âTo jail!â they shouted.Â
Some held aloft posters showing Puigdemont behind bars.Â
InÃ©s Arrimadas of the Citizens party in Catalonia told reporters before the march began that âthe silent majority of Catalans are once again taking to the street to show that the majority of Catalans feel Catalan, Spanish and European.â
Arrimadas walked out of the Catalan regional parliament on Friday as it cast the vote for independence, which was quickly thwarted.
Frustrated by a defiant but divided Catalan parliament,Â the central government on Saturday began to assert control over Catalonia,Â firing the regionâs president, ministers, diplomats and police chiefs and transferring all authority to Madrid.
Since then, the secessionist leaders have been mostly absent from the public stage â not exactly in hiding, but close.
Puigdemont on Saturday issued a brief prerecorded call for citizens to mount âa democratic oppositionâ to the takeover. No one was exactly sure what he meant.
On Sunday the Belgian migration minister offered him political asylum â if Puigdemont needs it.
Two top leaders of the Catalan secessionist movement are already in jail, without bail, as prosecutors mull sedition charges.
The Spanish newspaper El PeriÃ³dico reported that Spainâs interior ministry on Sunday ordered the Catalan regional police stations to take down their portraits of Puigdemont.
The next showdown is scheduled for Monday morning when bureaucrats return to work and the doors open to the Catalan government and parliament.
Will Puigdemeont and his ministers return to work â or try to run a parallel government?
Oriol Junqueras, the Catalan vice president dismissed by the government of Spainâs prime minister, Mariano Rajoy,Â warned in a regional publication thatÂ in coming days the independence movement âwill have to make difficult decisions that will not always be easy to understand.â
After being awarded sweeping powers by the Spanish Senate last week, the central government, in the early-morning hours Saturday, published lists of more than 140 Catalan officials, alongside their advisers, who were being fired.
The Catalan Parliament was also dissolved by order of Spain, and new elections were scheduled for Dec.â21.
Reuters quoted ÃÃ±igo MÃ©ndez de Vigo, a government spokesman in Madrid, saying, âIf Puigdemont takes part in these elections, he can exercise this democratic opposition.â
On Sunday, the streets in Barelona belonged to pro-unity, pro-Spain voices.Â
Javier Rodriguez, 55, a banker said, âThis is a big day, a day for the real Spain.They told us we werenât Spain. We are, today and always.â
Asked what he thought of a declaration of a Catalan republic,Â he shook his head no. âThis was a big fake. This republic is over, it is definitely over.â
As he spoke helicopters circled over the demonstrators, each with the markings ofÂ a different force â the National Police, the Guardia Civil and regional Catalan police, Mossos dâEsquadra.
Manuel Garcia, 64, who served in Spainâs Foreign Legion and as manger of the locker rooms of Barcelonaâs RCD Espanyol soccer team, said, âWe came out to support the Spanish government against this secessionist coup. What should happen to Puigdemont?â
Â âAll of them should be in jail,â he said.
âTheyâve been brainwashing them, in the schools and universities, for 36 years, to hate against Spain,â said Manuel Requena, 77, a pensioner, about the Catalan secessionists.
Requena said Spain has been good for Catalonia, espeically during four decades of the Francisco Franco dictatorship.
âCatalonia grew under Franco,â he said. âSince democracy came, theyâve just been trying to pull down the country.â
Nuria Guixa, 42, an administrator, said,Â âWe just want to live in a quiet peaceful way like we did before all this happened. Nobody wants a war or a big fight.â
She looked forward to December elections. âNow everybody will have the right to vote, in normal elections, you can vote pro-independence or for unity with Spain. Then weâll see what people want.â
Raul Gallego Abellan contributed to this report.Â