KIEV, Ukraine â A month before Donald Trump clinched the Republican nomination, one of his closest allies in Congress â House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy â made a politically explosive assertion in a private conversation on Capitol Hill with his fellow GOP leaders: that Trump could be the beneficiary of payments from Russian President Vladimir Putin.
âThereâs two people I think Putin pays: Rohrabacher and Trump,â McCarthy (R-Calif.) said, according to a recording of the JuneÂ 15, 2016, exchange, which was listened to and verified by The Washington Post. Rep. Dana Rohrabacher is a Californian Republican known in Congress as a fervent defender of Putin and Russia.
House Speaker Paul D. Ryan (R-Wis.) immediately interjected, stopping the conversation from further exploring McCarthyâs assertion, and swore the Republicans present to secrecy.
Before the conversation, McCarthy and Ryan had emerged from separate talks at the Capitol with Ukrainian Prime Minister VladiÂmir Groysman, who had described a Kremlin tactic of financing populist politicians to undercut Eastern European democratic institutions.
News had just broken the day before in The Washington Post that Russian government hackers had penetrated the computer network of the Democratic National Committee, prompting McCarthy to shift the conversation from Russian meddling in Europe to events closer to home.
Some of the lawmakers laughed at McCarthyâs comment. Then McCarthy quickly added: âSwear to God.â
Ryan instructed his Republican lieutenants to keep the conversation private, saying: âNo leaks. .â.â. This is how we know weâre a real family here.â
The remarks remained secret for nearly a year.
The conversation provides a glimpse at the internal views of GOP leaders who now find themselves under mounting pressure over the conduct of President Trump. The exchange shows that the Republican leadership in the House privately discussed Russiaâs involvement in the 2016 election and Trumpâs relationship to Putin, but wanted to keep their concerns secret. It is difficult to tell from the recording the extent to which the remarks were meant to be taken literally.
The House leadership has so far stood by the White House as it has lurched from one crisis to another, much of the turmoil fueled by contacts between Trump or his associates with Russia.
House Republican leaders have so far resisted calls for the appointment of an independent commission or a special prosecutor to investigate Russian interference, though pressure has been mounting on them to do so after Trumpâs firing of FBI Director James B. Comey and the disclosure that the president shared intelligence with Russian diplomats.
Late Wednesday, Deputy Attorney General Rod J. Rosenstein announced he had appointed Robert S. Mueller III, a former prosecutor who served as the FBI director from 2001 to 2013, as special counsel to oversee the Russia probe.
Evan McMullin, who in his role as policy director to the House Republican Conference participated in the JuneÂ 15 conversation, said: âItâs true that Majority Leader McCarthy said that he thought candidate Trump was on the Kremlinâs payroll. Speaker Ryan was concerned about that leaking.â
McMullin ran for president last year as an independent and has been a vocal critic of Trump.
When initially asked to comment on the exchange, Brendan Buck, a spokesman for Ryan, said: âThat never happened,â and Matt Sparks, a spokesman for McCarthy, said: âThe idea that McCarthy would assert this is absurd and false.â
After being told that The Post would cite a recording of the exchange, Buck, speaking for the GOP House leadership, said: âThis entire year-old exchange was clearly an attempt at humor. No one believed the majority leader was seriously asserting that Donald Trump or any of our members were being paid by the Russians. Whatâs more, the speaker and leadership team have repeatedly spoken out against Russiaâs interference in our election, and the House continues to investigate that activity.â
âThis was a failed attempt at humor,â Sparks said.
Ken Grubbs, a spokesman for Rohrabacher, said the congressman has been a consistent advocate of âworking closer with the Russians to combat radical Islamism. The congressman doesnât need to be paid to come to such a necessary conclusion.â
When McCarthy voiced his assessment of whom Putin supports, suspicions were only beginning to swirl around Trumpâs alleged Russia ties.
At the time, U.S. intelligence agencies knew that the Russians had hacked the DNC and other institutions, but Moscow had yet to start publicly releasing damaging emails through WikiLeaks to undermine Trumpâs Democratic challenger, Hillary Clinton. An FBI counterintelligence investigation into Russian efforts to influence the presidential election would open the following month, in late July, Comey has said in testimony to Congress.
Trump has sought to play down contacts between his campaign and the Russians, dismissing as a âwitch huntâ the FBI and congressional investigations into Russian efforts to aid Trump and any possible coordination between the Kremlin and his associates. Trump denies any coordination with Moscow took place.
Presidential candidate Trumpâs embrace of Putin and calls for closer cooperation with Moscow put him at odds with the House Republican caucus, whose members have long advocated a harder line on Russia, with the exception of Rohrabacher and a few others.
Among GOP leaders in the House, McCarthy stood out as a Putin critic who in 2015 called for the imposition of âmore severeâ sanctions for its actions in eastern Ukraine and the annexation of Crimea.
In May 2016, McCarthy signed up to serve as a Trump delegate at the Republican National Convention, breaking ranks with Ryan, who said he still was not ready to endorse the candidate. McCarthyâs relationship with Trump became so close that the president would sometimes refer to him as âmy Kevin.â
Trump was by then the lone Republican remaining in the contest for the nomination. Though Ryan continued to hold out, Trump picked up endorsements from the remaining GOP leaders in the House, including Rep. Steve Scalise, the majority whip from Louisiana, and Republican Conference Chairman Cathy McMorris Rodgers (Wash.) â both of whom took part in the JuneÂ 15 conversation.
Ryan announced on JuneÂ 2 that he would vote for Trump to help âunite the party so we can win in the fallâ but continued to clash with the candidate, including over Putin. While Trump sought to cast Putin as a better leader than then-President Obama, Ryan dubbed him an âaggressorâ who didnât share U.S. interests.
On the same day as Ryanâs endorsement, Clinton stepped up her attacks on Trump over his public statements praising Putin. âIf Donald gets his way, theyâll be celebrating in the Kremlin,â she said.
Ukrainian officials were unnerved by Trumpâs statements in support of Putin. Republicans, they had believed, were supposed to be tougher on Russia.
When Trump named Paul Manafort as his campaign manager in April 2016, alarm bells in Kiev started ringing even louder. Manafort was already well known in Ukraine because of his influential role as a political consultant to Viktor Yanukovych, the countryâs former Kremlin-friendly ruler until a popular uprising forced him to flee to Russia. Manafort had also consulted for a powerful Russian businessman with close ties to the Kremlin.
âUkraine was, in a sense, a testing ground for Manafort,â said Ukrainian political scientist Taras Berezovets, who became a grudging admirer of Manafortâs skills in the âdark artsâ of political stagecraft while Berezovets was working for one of Yanukovychâs political rivals.
At the urging of Manafort, Yanukovych campaigned with populist slogans labeling NATO a âmenaceâ and casting âelitesâ in the Ukrainian capital as out of touch, Berezovets said. Trump struck similar themes during the 2016 campaign.
The FBI is now investigating whether Manafort, who stepped down as Trumpâs campaign manager in August, received off-the-books payments from Yanukovychâs party, U.S. officials said. As part of that investigation, FBI agents recently took possession of a newly discovered document that allegedly details payments totaling $750,000. Ukrainian lawmaker Sergii Leshchenko, who first disclosed the new document, declined to comment on his contacts with the FBI.
A spokesman for Manafort has said that Trumpâs former campaign manager has not been contacted by the FBI. Manafort has also disputed the authenticity of the newly discovered document.
Groysman, on an official visit to Washington, met separately with Ryan and McCarthy on JuneÂ 15 at the Capitol.
He told them how the Russians meddled in European politics and called for âunityâ in addressing the threat, according to U.S. and Ukrainian officials. Ryan issued a statement after the meeting saying, âthe United States stands with Ukraine as it works to rebuild its economy and confront Russian aggression.â
Later, Ryan spoke privately with McCarthy, Rodgers, Scalise and Rep. Patrick T. McHenry (R-N.C.), the deputy whip, among others.
Ryan mentioned his meeting with Groysman, prompting Rodgers to ask: âHow are things going in Ukraine?â according to the recording.
The situation was difficult, Ryan said. Groysman, he said, had told him that Russian-backed forces were firing 30 to 40 artillery shells into Ukrainian territory every day. And the prime minister described Russian tactics that include âfinancing our populists, financing people in our governments to undo our governments.â
Ryan said Russiaâs goal was to âturn Ukraine against itself.â Groysman underlined Russiaâs intentions, saying, âTheyâre just going to roll right through us and go to the Baltics and everyone else,â according to Ryanâs summary of the prime ministerâs remarks in the recording.
âYes,â Rodgers said in agreement, noting that the Russians were funding nongovernmental organizations across Europe as part of a wider âpropaganda war.â
âManiacal,â Ryan said. âAnd guess, guess whoâs the only one taking a strong stand up against it? We are.â
Rodgers disagreed. âWeâre not .â.â. weâre not .â.â. but, weâre not,â she said.
Thatâs when McCarthy brought the conversation about Russian meddling around to the DNC hack, Trump and Rohrabacher.
âIâll guarantee you thatâs what it is. .â.â. The Russians hacked the DNC and got the opp [opposition] research that they had on Trump,â McCarthy said with a laugh.
Ryan asked who the Russians âdeliveredâ the opposition research to.
âThereâs .â.â. thereâs two people I think Putin pays: Rohrabacher and Trump,â McCarthy said, drawing some laughter. âSwear to God,â McCarthy added.
âThis is an off the record,â Ryan said.
Some lawmakers laughed at that.
âNo leaks, all right?,â Ryan said, adding: âThis is how we know weâre a real family here.â
âThatâs how you know that weâre tight,â Scalise said.
âWhatâs said in the family stays in the family,â Ryan added.
Andrew Roth in Moscow, Michael Birnbaum in Brussels and Robert Costa in Washington contributed to this report.