The changes being considered in Congress could âamount to a 25 percent shortfall in covering the actual cost of providing care to our nationâs neediest citizens,â the top executives of 10 insurance companies wrote this week. âThese amounts spell deep cuts, not state flexibilities, in Medicaid.â
As senators struggle to develop a health care bill, their handiwork appears to be too moderate for some Senate conservatives and too conservative for some Senate moderates. The latest version, without the abortion-coverage prohibition and with steep Medicaid cuts, may prove unacceptable to some in both camps. To pass it, Senate leaders can afford to lose only two Republican votes of the 52 in the chamber.
Republican senators got a glimpse Wednesday of the highlights of the bill, which was drafted in secret by the majority leader, Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, and top aides. White House officials were granted a formal briefing, which risked irking many senators who had yet to see the actual bill.
The House abortion provision has sweeping implications because many health plans subsidized under the Affordable Care Act include coverage for abortion services. The provision has encountered outspoken opposition from officials in states like Oregon, where most health plans on the public insurance exchange cover abortion.
But senators said the provision might have to be dropped for a more prosaic reason: It may not comply with the Senate rules that Republicans are using to speed the health care bill through the Senate.
The bill is scheduled to go to the Senate floor next week under these procedures, which limit debate and preclude a Democratic filibuster.
âItâs one of the problems we have to work with,â Senator Orrin G. Hatch, Republican of Utah and the chairman of the Finance Committee, said of the abortion issue. âWeâre not quite sure how thatâs going to be resolved.â
Mr. McConnell is determined to get a vote on the bill by the end of next week, before a break for the Fourth of July holiday, but he still does not have enough committed votes to ensure passage.
Senator Rand Paul, Republican of Kentucky, made clear on Wednesday that he was not on board with the Republican bill.
âIâm still hoping we reach impasse, and we actually go back to the idea we originally started with, which is repealing Obamacare,â Mr. Paul said, adding, âIâm not for replacing Obamacare with Obamacare lite.â
The House bill and the Senate version, like the Affordable Care Act, would provide tens of billions of dollars in tax credits to help people pay insurance premiums.
The federal government is expected to spend more than $30 billion this year on tax credits to help lower- and middle-income people pay premiums. The Senate bill would provide more assistance to lower-income people than the House bill, which bases tax credits on a personâs age.
The Senate bill would also repeal most of the taxes imposed by the Affordable Care Act. It would delay the effective date of a tax on high-cost employer-sponsored health coverage, but Republicans plan to offer an amendment next week to eliminate this âCadillac tax,â which is opposed by labor unions and employers.
Senators Thom Tillis of North Carolina and Susan Collins of Maine, both Republicans, said they understood that the House restrictions on the use of tax credits for insurance covering abortion had encountered parliamentary problems.
âWhat I heard earlier from the parliamentarian is they didnât think it would passâ muster under Senate rules, Mr. Tillis said.
Mr. Tillis and Ms. Collins said they understood that Senate Republican leaders were hoping to devise some kind of workaround to address concerns of anti-abortion lawmakers. But it was not clear whether those anti-abortion lawmakers would be satisfied with such a plan, which could involve separate legislation.
Republicans have been promising to repeal the health law ever since it was signed by President Barack Obama in 2010. On Wednesday, in the final hours before the Senate repeal bill was to be unveiled, members of Congress, consumer groups and health care executives engaged in frenetic advocacy in hopes of shaping the bill.
Womenâs groups and at least two moderate Republicans, Ms. Collins and Senator Lisa Murkowski of Alaska, continued to object to a provision of Mr. McConnellâs bill that would cut off funds for Planned Parenthood.
In a letter to Mr. McConnell on Wednesday, more than two dozen House members in the conservative Republican Study Committee listed several parts of the House bill they view as crucial, including cutting funds to Planned Parenthood and restricting the use of the tax credits. The bill, they wrote, fulfills âan important conservative commitment to promote life and protect the unborn.â
Leaders of the 10 insurance companies told Mr. McConnell that proposed caps on federal Medicaid spending would cause âan enormous cost shift to the states,â which could force them to raise taxes, reduce benefits, cut payments to health care providers or eliminate coverage for some beneficiaries. Among those signing the letter were top executives of AmeriHealth Caritas, Molina Healthcare, Blue Shield of California and Healthfirst, in New York.
But Senator John Kennedy, Republican of Louisiana, said the Medicaid provisions were one of the billâs chief attractions for him.
âIn my state,â Mr. Kennedy said, âwe are now spending 47 percent of our budget on Medicaid. Thatâs up from 23 percent in 2008. Itâs crowding out money for universities and roads and public safety and coastal restoration, and it just keeps climbing.â
Even senators who might support the legislation said they did not want to be rushed.
Asked how he felt about the prospect of having a vote on the bill a week after its release, Senator John McCain, Republican of Arizona, said, âI feel terrible about it.â
Senator Ron Johnson, Republican of Wisconsin, said, âI need the information, I need to hear from constituents, and thatâs going to take some time.â
Debate on the Senate bill will be shaped by an analysis from the Congressional Budget Office, which will estimate the impact on federal spending and the number of people without health insurance. Under the House bill, the office said, the number of uninsured would be 23 million higher than under the Affordable Care Act in 2026. And for some older Americans and sick people, it said, premiums and out-of-pocket costs could be significantly higher.